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SimObject Class Reference
[ConsoleGame]

Base class for almost all objects involved in the simulation. More...

Inheritance diagram for SimObject:
Inheritance graph
[legend]

List of all members.

Public Member Functions

void assignFieldsFrom (SimObject fromObject)
 Copy fields from another object onto this one. The objects must be of same type. Everything from the object will overwrite what's in this object; extra fields in this object will remain. This includes dynamic fields.
void assignPersistentId ()
 Assign a persistent ID to the object if it does not already have one.
string call (string method, string args...)
 Dynamically call a method on an object.
SimObject clone ()
 Create a copy of this object.
SimObject deepClone ()
 Create a copy of this object and all its subobjects.
void delete ()
 Delete and remove the object.
void dump (bool detailed=false)
 Dump a description of all fields and methods defined on this object to the console.
void dumpClassHierarchy ()
 Dump the native C++ class hierarchy of this object's C++ class to the console.
void dumpGroupHierarchy ()
 Dump the hierarchy of this object up to RootGroup to the console.
ArrayObject dumpMethods ()
 List the methods defined on this object.
bool getCanSave ()
 Get whether the object will be included in saves.
string getClassName ()
 Get the name of the C++ class which the object is an instance of.
string getClassNamespace ()
 Get the name of the class namespace assigned to this object.
ArrayObject getDebugInfo ()
 Return some behind-the-scenes information on the object.
int getDeclarationLine ()
 Get the line number at which the object is defined in its file.
string getDynamicField (int index)
 Get a value of a dynamic field by index.
int getDynamicFieldCount ()
 Get the number of dynamic fields defined on the object.
string getField (int index)
 Retrieve the value of a static field by index.
int getFieldCount ()
 Get the number of static fields on the object.
string getFieldType (string fieldName)
 Get the console type code of the given field.
string getFieldValue (string fieldName, int index=-1)
 Return the value of the given field on this object.
string getFilename ()
 Returns the filename the object is attached to.
SimGroup getGroup ()
 Get the group that this object is contained in.
int getId ()
 Get the underlying unique numeric ID of the object.
string getInternalName ()
 Get the internal name of the object.
string getName ()
 Get the global name of the object.
string getSuperClassNamespace ()
 Get the name of the superclass namespace assigned to this object.
bool isChildOfGroup (SimGroup group)
 Test whether the object belongs directly or indirectly to the given group.
bool isEditorOnly ()
 Return true if the object is only used by the editor.
bool isExpanded ()
 Get whether the object has been marked as expanded. (in editor).
bool isField (string fieldName)
 Test whether the given field is defined on this object.
bool isInNamespaceHierarchy (string name)
 Test whether the namespace of this object is a direct or indirect child to the given namespace.
bool isMemberOfClass (string className)
 Test whether this object is a member of the specified class.
bool isMethod (string methodName)
 Test whether the given method is defined on this object.
bool isNameChangeAllowed ()
 Get whether this object may be renamed.
bool isSelected ()
 Get whether the object has been marked as selected. (in editor).
bool save (string fileName, bool selectedOnly=false, string preAppendString="")
 Save out the object to the given file.
int schedule (float time, string method, string args...)
 Delay an invocation of a method.
void setCanSave (bool value=true)
 Set whether the object will be included in saves.
void setClassNamespace (string name)
 Assign a class namespace to this object.
void setEditorOnly (bool value=true)
 Set/clear the editor-only flag on this object.
void setFieldType (string fieldName, string type)
 Set the console type code for the given field.
bool setFieldValue (string fieldName, string value, int index=-1)
 Set the value of the given field on this object.
void setFilename (string fileName)
 Sets the object's file name and path.
void setHidden (bool value=true)
 Hide/unhide the object.
void setInternalName (string newInternalName)
 Set the internal name of the object.
void setIsExpanded (bool state=true)
 Set whether the object has been marked as expanded. (in editor).
void setIsSelected (bool state=true)
 Set whether the object has been marked as selected. (in editor).
void setLocked (bool value=true)
 Lock/unlock the object in the editor.
void setName (string newName)
 Set the global name of the object.
void setNameChangeAllowed (bool value=true)
 Set whether this object can be renamed from its first name.
void setSuperClassNamespace (string name)
 Assign a superclass namespace to this object.

Public Attributes

Persistence

bool canSave
 Whether the object can be saved out. If false, the object is purely transient in nature.
bool canSaveDynamicFields
 True if dynamic fields (added at runtime) should be saved. Defaults to true.
pid persistentId
 The universally unique identifier for the object.
Object

string class
 Script class of object.
string className
 Script class of object.
string internalName
 Optional name that may be used to lookup this object within a SimSet.
SimObject parentGroup
 Group hierarchy parent of the object.
string superClass
 Script super-class of object.
Editing

bool hidden
 Whether the object is visible.
bool locked
 Whether the object can be edited.
Ungrouped

string name
 Optional global name of this object.

Detailed Description

Base class for almost all objects involved in the simulation.

Introduction

SimObject is a base class for most of the classes you'll encounter working in Torque. It provides fundamental services allowing "smart" object referencing, creation, destruction, organization, and location. Along with SimEvent, it gives you a flexible event-scheduling system, as well as laying the foundation for the in-game editors, GUI system, and other vital subsystems.

Subclassing

You will spend a lot of your time in Torque subclassing, or working with subclasses of, SimObject. SimObject is designed to be easy to subclass.

You should not need to override anything in a subclass except:

Of course, if you know what you're doing, go nuts! But in most cases, you shouldn't need to touch things not on that list.

When you subclass, you should define a typedef in the class, called Parent, that references the class you're inheriting from.

   class mySubClass : public SimObject {
       typedef SimObject Parent;
       ...

Then, when you override a method, put in:

   bool mySubClass::onAdd()
   {
       if(!Parent::onAdd())
           return false;

       // ... do other things ...
   }

Of course, you want to replace onAdd with the appropriate method call.

A SimObject's Life Cycle

SimObjects do not live apart. One of the primary benefits of using a SimObject is that you can uniquely identify it and easily find it (using its ID). Torque does this by keeping a global hierarchy of SimGroups - a tree - containing every registered SimObject. You can then query for a given object using Sim::findObject() (or SimSet::findObject() if you want to search only a specific set).

          // Three examples of registering an object.

          // Method 1:
          AIClient *aiPlayer = new AIClient();
          aiPlayer->registerObject();

          // Method 2:
          ActionMap* globalMap = new ActionMap;
          globalMap->registerObject("GlobalActionMap");

          // Method 3:
          bool reg = mObj->registerObject(id);

Registering a SimObject performs these tasks:

Calling registerObject() and passing an ID or a name will cause the object to be assigned that name and/or ID before it is registered.

Congratulations, you have now registered your object! What now?

Well, hopefully, the SimObject will have a long, useful life. But eventually, it must die.

There are a two ways a SimObject can die.

When you unregister a SimObject, the following tasks are performed:

If you call deleteObject(), all of the above tasks are performed, in addition to some sanity checking to make sure the object was previously added properly, and isn't in the process of being deleted. After the object is unregistered, it deallocates itself.

Torque Editors

SimObjects are one of the building blocks for the in-game editors. They provide a basic interface for the editor to be able to list the fields of the object, update them safely and reliably, and inform the object things have changed.

This interface is implemented in the following areas:

(Note: you can check the variable gEditingMission to see if the mission editor is running; if so, you may want to render special indicators. For instance, the fxFoliageReplicator renders inner and outer radii when the mission editor is runnning.)

The Console

SimObject extends ConsoleObject by allowing you to to set arbitrary dynamic fields on the object, as well as statically defined fields. This is done through two methods, setDataField and getDataField, which deal with the complexities of allowing access to two different types of object fields.

Static fields take priority over dynamic fields. This is to be expected, as the role of dynamic fields is to allow data to be stored in addition to the predefined fields.

The fields in a SimObject are like properties (or fields) in a class.

Some fields may be arrays, which is what the array parameter is for; if it's non-null, then it is parsed with dAtoI and used as an index into the array. If you access something as an array which isn't, then you get an empty string.

You don't need to read any further than this. Right now, set/getDataField are called a total of 6 times through the entire Torque codebase. Therefore, you probably don't need to be familiar with the details of accessing them. You may want to look at Con::setData instead. Most of the time you will probably be accessing fields directly, or using the scripting language, which in either case means you don't need to do anything special.

The functions to get/set these fields are very straightforward:

    setDataField(StringTable->insert("locked", false), NULL, b ? "true" : "false" );
    curObject->setDataField(curField, curFieldArray, STR.getStringValue());
    setDataField(slotName, array, value);

For advanced users: There are two flags which control the behavior of these functions. The first is ModStaticFields, which controls whether or not the DataField functions look through the static fields (defined with addField; see ConsoleObject for details) of the class. The second is ModDynamicFields, which controls dynamically defined fields. They are set automatically by the console constructor code.

See also:
SceneObject

Member Function Documentation

void SimObject::assignFieldsFrom ( SimObject  fromObject  ) 

Copy fields from another object onto this one. The objects must be of same type. Everything from the object will overwrite what's in this object; extra fields in this object will remain. This includes dynamic fields.

Parameters:
fromObject The object from which to copy fields.
void SimObject::assignPersistentId (  ) 

Assign a persistent ID to the object if it does not already have one.

string SimObject::call ( string  method,
string  args... 
)

Dynamically call a method on an object.

Parameters:
method Name of method to call.
args Zero or more arguments for the method.
Returns:
The result of the method call.
SimObject SimObject::clone (  ) 

Create a copy of this object.

Returns:
An exact duplicate of this object.
SimObject SimObject::deepClone (  ) 

Create a copy of this object and all its subobjects.

Returns:
An exact duplicate of this object and all objects it references.
void SimObject::delete (  ) 

Delete and remove the object.

void SimObject::dump ( bool  detailed = false  ) 

Dump a description of all fields and methods defined on this object to the console.

Parameters:
detailed Whether to print detailed information about members.
void SimObject::dumpClassHierarchy (  ) 

Dump the native C++ class hierarchy of this object's C++ class to the console.

void SimObject::dumpGroupHierarchy (  ) 

Dump the hierarchy of this object up to RootGroup to the console.

ArrayObject SimObject::dumpMethods (  ) 

List the methods defined on this object.

Each description is a newline-separated vector with the following elements:

  • Minimum number of arguments.
  • Maximum number of arguments.
  • Prototype string.
  • Full script file path (if script method).
  • Line number of method definition in script (if script method).
  • Documentation string (not including prototype). This takes up the remainder of the vector.
    Returns:
    An ArrayObject populated with (name,description) pairs of all methods defined on the object.
bool SimObject::getCanSave (  ) 

Get whether the object will be included in saves.

Returns:
True if the object will be saved; false otherwise.
string SimObject::getClassName (  ) 

Get the name of the C++ class which the object is an instance of.

Returns:
The name of the C++ class of the object.
string SimObject::getClassNamespace (  ) 

Get the name of the class namespace assigned to this object.

Returns:
The name of the 'class' namespace.
ArrayObject SimObject::getDebugInfo (  ) 

Return some behind-the-scenes information on the object.

Returns:
An ArrayObject filled with internal information about the object.
int SimObject::getDeclarationLine (  ) 

Get the line number at which the object is defined in its file.

Returns:
The line number of the object's definition in script.
See also:
getFilename()
string SimObject::getDynamicField ( int  index  ) 

Get a value of a dynamic field by index.

Parameters:
index The index of the dynamic field.
Returns:
The value of the dynamic field at the given index or "".
int SimObject::getDynamicFieldCount (  ) 

Get the number of dynamic fields defined on the object.

Returns:
The number of dynamic fields defined on the object.
string SimObject::getField ( int  index  ) 

Retrieve the value of a static field by index.

Parameters:
index The index of the static field.
Returns:
The value of the static field with the given index or "".
int SimObject::getFieldCount (  ) 

Get the number of static fields on the object.

Returns:
The number of static fields defined on the object.
string SimObject::getFieldType ( string  fieldName  ) 

Get the console type code of the given field.

Returns:
The numeric type code for the underlying console type of the given field.
string SimObject::getFieldValue ( string  fieldName,
int  index = -1 
)

Return the value of the given field on this object.

Parameters:
fieldName The name of the field. If it includes a field index, the index is parsed out.
index Optional parameter to specify the index of an array field separately.
Returns:
The value of the given field or "" if undefined.
string SimObject::getFilename (  ) 

Returns the filename the object is attached to.

Returns:
The name of the file the object is associated with; usually the file the object was loaded from.

Reimplemented in CubemapData.

SimGroup SimObject::getGroup (  ) 

Get the group that this object is contained in.

Note:
If not assigned to particular SimGroup, an object belongs to RootGroup.
Returns:
The SimGroup object to which the object belongs.
int SimObject::getId (  ) 

Get the underlying unique numeric ID of the object.

Note:
Object IDs are unique only during single engine runs.
Returns:
The unique numeric ID of the object.
string SimObject::getInternalName (  ) 

Get the internal name of the object.

Returns:
The internal name of the object.
string SimObject::getName (  ) 

Get the global name of the object.

Returns:
The global name assigned to the object.
string SimObject::getSuperClassNamespace (  ) 

Get the name of the superclass namespace assigned to this object.

Returns:
The name of the 'superClass' namespace.
bool SimObject::isChildOfGroup ( SimGroup  group  ) 

Test whether the object belongs directly or indirectly to the given group.

Parameters:
group The SimGroup object.
Returns:
True if the object is a child of the given group or a child of a group that the given group is directly or indirectly a child to.
bool SimObject::isEditorOnly (  ) 

Return true if the object is only used by the editor.

Returns:
True if this object exists only for the sake of editing.
bool SimObject::isExpanded (  ) 

Get whether the object has been marked as expanded. (in editor).

Returns:
True if the object is marked expanded.

Reimplemented in GuiRolloutCtrl.

bool SimObject::isField ( string  fieldName  ) 

Test whether the given field is defined on this object.

Parameters:
fieldName The name of the field.
Returns:
True if the object implements the given field.
bool SimObject::isInNamespaceHierarchy ( string  name  ) 

Test whether the namespace of this object is a direct or indirect child to the given namespace.

Parameters:
name The name of a namespace.
Returns:
True if the given namespace name is within the namespace hierarchy of this object.
bool SimObject::isMemberOfClass ( string  className  ) 

Test whether this object is a member of the specified class.

Parameters:
className Name of a native C++ class.
Returns:
True if this object is an instance of the given C++ class or any of its super classes.
bool SimObject::isMethod ( string  methodName  ) 

Test whether the given method is defined on this object.

Parameters:
The name of the method.
Returns:
True if the object implements the given method.
bool SimObject::isNameChangeAllowed (  ) 

Get whether this object may be renamed.

Returns:
True if this object can be renamed; false otherwise.
bool SimObject::isSelected (  ) 

Get whether the object has been marked as selected. (in editor).

Returns:
True if the object is currently selected.
bool SimObject::save ( string  fileName,
bool  selectedOnly = false,
string  preAppendString = "" 
)

Save out the object to the given file.

Parameters:
fileName The name of the file to save to.
selectedOnly If true, only objects marked as selected will be saved out.
preAppendString Text which will be preprended directly to the object serialization.
True on success, false on failure.
int SimObject::schedule ( float  time,
string  method,
string  args... 
)

Delay an invocation of a method.

Parameters:
time The number of milliseconds after which to invoke the method. This is a soft limit.
method The method to call.
args The arguments with which to call the method.
Returns:
The numeric ID of the created schedule. Can be used to cancel the call.
void SimObject::setCanSave ( bool  value = true  ) 

Set whether the object will be included in saves.

Parameters:
value If true, the object will be included in saves; if false, it will be excluded.
void SimObject::setClassNamespace ( string  name  ) 

Assign a class namespace to this object.

Parameters:
name The name of the 'class' namespace for this object.
void SimObject::setEditorOnly ( bool  value = true  ) 

Set/clear the editor-only flag on this object.

Parameters:
value If true, the object is marked as existing only for the editor.
void SimObject::setFieldType ( string  fieldName,
string  type 
)

Set the console type code for the given field.

Parameters:
fieldName The name of the dynamic field to change to type for.
type The name of the console type.
Note:
This only works for dynamic fields. Types of static fields cannot be changed.
bool SimObject::setFieldValue ( string  fieldName,
string  value,
int  index = -1 
)

Set the value of the given field on this object.

Parameters:
fieldName The name of the field to assign to. If it includes an array index, the index will be parsed out.
value The new value to assign to the field.
index Optional argument to specify an index for an array field.
Returns:
True.
void SimObject::setFilename ( string  fileName  ) 

Sets the object's file name and path.

Parameters:
fileName The name of the file to associate this object with.
void SimObject::setHidden ( bool  value = true  ) 

Hide/unhide the object.

Parameters:
value If true, the object will be hidden; if false, the object will be unhidden.

Reimplemented in ShapeBase.

void SimObject::setInternalName ( string  newInternalName  ) 

Set the internal name of the object.

Parameters:
newInternalName The new internal name for the object.
void SimObject::setIsExpanded ( bool  state = true  ) 

Set whether the object has been marked as expanded. (in editor).

Parameters:
state True if the object is to be marked expanded; false if not.
void SimObject::setIsSelected ( bool  state = true  ) 

Set whether the object has been marked as selected. (in editor).

Parameters:
state True if object is to be marked selected; false if not.
void SimObject::setLocked ( bool  value = true  ) 

Lock/unlock the object in the editor.

Parameters:
value If true, the object will be locked; if false, the object will be unlocked.
void SimObject::setName ( string  newName  ) 

Set the global name of the object.

Parameters:
newName The new global name to assign to the object.
Note:
If name changing is disallowed on the object, the method will fail with a console error.
void SimObject::setNameChangeAllowed ( bool  value = true  ) 

Set whether this object can be renamed from its first name.

Parameters:
value If true, renaming is allowed for this object; if false, trying to change the name of the object will generate a console error.
void SimObject::setSuperClassNamespace ( string  name  ) 

Assign a superclass namespace to this object.

Parameters:
name The name of the 'superClass' namespace for this object.

Member Data Documentation

Whether the object can be saved out. If false, the object is purely transient in nature.

True if dynamic fields (added at runtime) should be saved. Defaults to true.

Script class of object.

Script class of object.

Whether the object is visible.

Optional name that may be used to lookup this object within a SimSet.

Whether the object can be edited.

Optional global name of this object.

Group hierarchy parent of the object.

The universally unique identifier for the object.

Script super-class of object.



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